Britain 'knew of Iraq WMD doubts'
Britain learned in the days before the Iraq war that Saddam Hussein's forces may not have had the capability to deploy chemical weapons, a civil servant has told an inquiry into the conflict.
William Ehrman, the then director of international security for the UK foreign office, said on Wednesday that British intelligence was told Iraqi weapons may not have been assembled in the build-up to the conflict.
"We were getting ... some [intelligence] on chemical and biological weapons that it was dismantled and [Iraq] might not have the munitions to deliver it," he
"There was also a suggestion that Iraq might lack warheads capable of effective dispersal of agents."
But Ehrman said the information made no difference to the case for war, and described a series of intelligence briefings on WMDs between 2000 and 2002 and "patchy" and "sporadic".
Jonah Hull, Al Jazeera's correspondent in London, said the inquiry has so far revelead "just how difficult it was to make any sort of assessment about the threat of Iraq in the years leading up to the war".
He said both witnesses testified that intelligence was unclear about what was going on in the country following the departure of UN weapons inspectors from Iraq in 1998.
Tim Dowse, a former head of counterproliferation at the foreign office, said he had not been surprised by the 45-minute claim "because it didn't seem out of line [with assessments at the time]".
"It subsequently took on a rather iconic status which I don't think those of us who saw the initial report [expected] ... it wasn't surprising."
The 45-minute claim caused a major political row in Britain, after the BBC alleged that the intelligence dossier containing the claim was "sexed up" to strengthen the case for war.
The storm escalated when David Kelly, a government weapons expert, killed himself amid claims he was the source of the BBC story, prompting an official inquiry.
Other security threats
On the second day of the Iraq inquiry, the five-member panel also heard that Libya and Iran were Britain's main security concerns before the invasion of Iraq.
"In terms of nuclear and missiles, I think Iran, North Korea and Libya were probably of greater concern than Iraq," Ehrman said.
"In terms of my concerns on coming into the job in 2001, I would say we put Libya and Iran ahead of Iraq," he said.
He also said that while there was evidence of contacts between Iraqi officials and members of al-Qaeda in the late 1990s, these links were stepped further back after the September 11 attacks.
Dowse said they "did find some evidence of contacts between Iraqi officials and individual members of al-Qaeda in the late 1990s. These had been quite sporadic contacts ... they hadn't been anything that looked like a relationship between the Iraqis and al-Qaeda.
"After 9/11, we concluded that Iraq actually stepped further back. They did not want to be associated with al-Qaeda. They weren't natural allies."
The five-panel inquiry, led by John Chilcot, a former civil servant, is investigating the justification for the war, how well military were equipped and trained and looking at lessons for future foreign policy.
Former senior officials from the foreign and defence ministries outlined on Tuesday Britain's policy towards Baghdad in early 2000.
The hearings are expected to climax with Tony Blair, the former British prime minister, taking the stand, at some point in the new year.